Pregnant women will experience many unpleasant symptoms and fatigue during pregnancy. Some signs are transient and occur in the first few weeks, others last longer and appear near the time of labor. The following are the symptoms that are considered normal in pregnancy.
1. Breast changes
Most women pregnant will notice some changes in the breasts. Your breasts increase in size as the milk glands and adipose tissue develop, causing tension. The veins are green also can occur when the blood volume increases. The nipples may darken in color, and sometimes have a thick discharge called colostrum. All of these changes are normal.
- Wear a bra made specifically for pregnant women, made of cotton or natural fibers, of a size that fits well, and is firm without irritating the nipples.
- Try wearing a comfortable bra at night.
- Insert a cotton towel or gauze pad into your bra to absorb any drainage from your nipples.
- Wash your breasts with warm water and mild soap to keep your skin from drying out.
A growing fetus requires the mother to need more energy, so it is easy to get tired. Fatigue is also sometimes a sign of iron deficiency anemia - a common problem during pregnancy.
- Get plenty of rest, sleep earlier, and take naps.
- Living in moderation.
- Balance movement with rest.
- Exercise in moderation every day.
- Get regular checkups for iron deficiency anemia.
Pregnant mothers should exercise gently to avoid fatigue symptoms
3. Nausea or vomiting
Nausea or vomiting is a very common symptom of pregnancy, collectively known as morning sickness. The reason is due to hormonal changes (hormones) during pregnancy and often occur in the early stage when the body has not adapted.
Nausea usually goes away by the 4th month of pregnancy, although some cases persist for as long as 9 months. Nausea can appear at any time of the day but is most severe in the morning - when the stomach is empty.
- Eat dry foods like cereals, toast, or crackers before getting out of bed each morning.
- Eat a protein-rich snack with lean meat or cheese before bed.
- If you are hungry and nauseous, try eating bananas, rice, and drinking ginger tea, as well as bland foods.
- Divide several small meals to snack every 2-3 hours, eat slowly and chew thoroughly.
- Keep drinking some cool fruit juice continuously throughout the day. Avoid drinking a large cup at the same time.
- Avoid spicy, fried, greasy, or strong foods.
- Ask your doctor about vitamin B6, natural remedies, and prescription medications if you want to try it.
- Get medical attention right away if vomiting is persistent or severe enough to get out of control.
4. Urinate a lot during pregnancy
The growing uterus gradually compresses the bladder, causing pregnant women to urinate a lot during the first 3 months of pregnancy. This happens again in the last 3 months as the baby's head moves down to the pelvis before birth.
- Do not wear tight underwear or pants;
- If you feel burning while urinating, it could be a sign of a urinary tract infection, seek medical attention immediately.
5. Headache during pregnancy
Headaches can occur at any time during pregnancy. The cause is stress, congestion, constipation, or, in some cases, pre-eclampsia (detected after 20 weeks).
- Place an ice pack on the forehead or back of the neck.
- Rest, sit, or lie still in a dark room. Close your eyes and try to relax your back, neck, and shoulders.
- An over-the-counter (Tylenol) Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be effective. But if pregnancy headaches are persistent, severe, make you nauseous, or impair your vision, talk to your doctor.
During pregnancy, pregnant mothers are very prone to headaches
6. Bleeding and swelling of the gums
Changes in blood circulation and hormone levels can make your gums soft and swollen, making them bleed more easily. Many pregnant women are also prone to nosebleeds.
- Dental visit early in pregnancy to ensure the health of your teeth. See your dentist if you notice unusual problems.
- Brush your teeth regularly and rinse your mouth daily with an antiseptic solution.
Hormones, vitamins, and iron supplements can make it difficult for a pregnant woman to have a bowel movement or have an irregular bowel movement. The pressure of the uterus on the rectum is also a cause of constipation.
- Add plenty of fiber (like whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables) to your diet.
- Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water and 1-2 glasses of juice per day. Drink warm water, especially in the morning.
- Daily exercise.
- Avoid stress while having a bowel movement.
- Talk to your doctor about using a laxative or stool softener.
8. Dizziness, dizziness
Dizziness can occur at any time from mid to late pregnancy. Developing the uterus also needs more blood. This can lower blood pressure, especially when changing positions - and making you dizzy.
- Do not stand still for long periods of time.
- Lying on your left side while resting helps blood circulation throughout the body.
- Avoid sudden position changes, get up slowly after sitting.
- Eat small meals regularly throughout the day to prevent hypoglycemia.
- Drink a lot of water.
9. Difficulty sleeping
Finding a comfortable resting position can become very difficult later in pregnancy.
- Do not take sleeping pills, instead try drinking warm milk before going to bed.
- Take a warm bath or bath before bed.
- Use additional pillows to support pregnant women while sleeping to reduce muscle tension and support comfortably.
- Lie on your left side to improve blood circulation throughout the body.
Trouble sleeping is inevitable for pregnant women
10. Heartburn or indigestion
Proof of heartburn is a burning sensation in the stomach and began to rise almost to the throat. During pregnancy, changes in hormone levels slow down the digestive system, weaken the sphincter muscles of the stomach and uterus, which can cause stomach obstruction. It is these factors that push stomach acid up.
- Eat slowly and divide into several small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones.
- Drink warm water or milk.
- Avoid fried, spicy, or overeating foods.
- Do not lie down immediately after eating.
- Place your head above your feet or place pillows under your shoulders to prevent stomach acid from filling your throat.
- Do not mix fatty and sweets, liquids, and solids with one meal.
- Ask your doctor about certain medications such as Tums, Maalox, Titralac, Mylanta, Riopan, or Gaviscon.
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins that cause pain in the anus. During pregnancy, hemorrhoids can form because the growing fetus puts increased pressure on the rectum and vagina.
- Try to reduce constipation to limit your risk of hemorrhoids or make them more painful.
- Avoid sitting or standing for a long time, changing positions often.
- Do not stress, push too much when defecating.
- Use a cold compress or take a warm bath a few times a day.
- Avoid wearing underwear or tight pants.
12. Varicose veins
Pregnancy can affect blood circulation, enlarge, or swell the veins in your legs. Some ways to prevent such as:
- Avoid standing or sitting still for long periods of time. It is important to move often.
- Avoid poses that restrict blood circulation in your legs, for example, cross legs while sitting.
- Raise your feet and feet while sitting.
- Exercise regularly.
- Wear supportive socks for people with varicose veins, but avoid too tight leg bundles.
Pregnant mothers avoid sitting or standing for a long time to prevent varicose veins
13. Leg cramps
A growing uterus can create pressure and cause cramping or throbbing pain in the leg.
- Eat and drink foods rich in calcium, such as milk, broccoli, or cheese.
- Wear low, well-fitting, and comfortable heels.
- Wear support socks but do not tighten up.
- Raise your legs while sitting and avoid crossing your legs.
- Daily exercise.
- Do leg stretches before going to bed.
- Avoid lying on your back, as body weight and enlarged uterine pressure can interfere with blood circulation in the legs, thereby causing cramps.
- Gently stretch the cramped muscle, straighten the legs, flex the feet, and pull the toes toward the torso.
- Massage or apply hot compresses to the sore area.
14. Stuffy nose
Pregnancy hormones dry out the lining of the nose, causing the nose to become inflamed and swollen. As a result, pregnant women may have a stuffy nose or feel like they have a cold.
- Place a warm, wet washcloth on your cheeks, eyes, and nose to reduce congestion.
- Avoid using nasal sprays unless directed to do so by your doctor.
- Drink plenty of water (at least 6-8 glasses/day) to thin mucus.
- Add 1 pillow during sleep to raise your head, prevent mucus from blocking your throat.
- Use a humidifier or mist in the room.
- Take a warm bath or soak in a tub.
15. Difficulty breathing
Shortness of breath may occur due to increased pressure from the uterus and altered physiological function of the lungs.
- Walk slowly and take frequent stops to rest.
- Avoid lying on your back and try to sleep in a head-resting position.
- If breathing is difficult for a long time or you feel a sharp pain when you inhale, see your doctor immediately because you are at risk of a pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs).
Shortness of breath can occur due to increased pressure from the uterus
16. Stretching skin
Traces stretch the scar tissue formed when the elasticity of the skin normally not sufficient for the stretching of pregnancy weight gain. Stretch marks usually appear on the abdomen, chest, buttocks, or thighs, and cannot be prevented. Although it does not disappear completely, stretch marks will fade after birth.
- Ensuring a nutritious diet essential for healthy skin (especially vitamins C and E).
- Apply lotion to help soften and reduce dryness.
- Daily exercise.
17. Swelling of feet and feet
The growing uterus puts pressure on the blood vessels in the lower body and causes fluid retention. The result is swelling (edema) in the legs and feet.
- Do not stand still for long periods of time.
- Drink a lot of water.
- Avoid foods high in salt (sodium).
- Raise your feet and feet while sitting. Avoid crossing your legs.
- Wear loose, comfortable clothing to avoid slowing down circulation and increasing fluid retention.
- Do not wear tight shoes, choose low, wide heels.
- Eat a protein-rich diet to limit fluid retention.
- Inform your doctor if your hands or face are also swollen. These can be a warning sign of pre-eclampsia.
Lie on your side while resting to help increase blood flow to the kidneys.
Drink plenty of water to avoid swelling of the feet and feet
18. Vaginal discharge
Usually, vaginal discharge increases during pregnancy due to the larger blood and hormone supply. Normal vaginal discharge is white or clear, non-irritating, and odorless. There may be yellow dry spots on the pregnant woman's underwear.
- Choose cotton or natural fiber underwear.
- Avoid tight jeans or pants.
- Do not douche deeply to avoid introducing air into the circulatory system or breaking the amniotic sac.
- Clean the genital area regularly with soap and water.
- Dry from front to back.
- See your doctor if you experience itchiness, irritation, or swelling in your genitals, or a foul-smelling, bleeding yellow or green discharge. These symptoms may indicate an infection.
19. Back pain
Back pain is often caused by pressure placed on the back muscles, changes in hormone levels, and inappropriate posture.
- Wear low heels (but not too flat to avoid slipping).
- Avoid lifting heavy objects.
- Squat down when picking up things instead of crouching down.
- Do not stand still for a long time. If necessary, place one foot on a chair or a makeshift box.
- Sit in a backrest, or place a small pillow behind. At the same time, put your foot on the guard.
- Check to see if the mattress is deteriorating or uncomfortable.
- Lie on your left side and hold your pillow between your legs while you sleep.
- Apply heat to back, soak in warm water or shower, back massage.
- Performing exercises on the advice of your doctor will help strengthen your back muscles and relieve pain.
- Contact your doctor if you experience low back pain around your stomach, and don't get better within an hour after changing positions or resting. This could be a sign of early labor.
Follow exercises on your doctor's advice to help relieve back pain
20. Abdominal pain or discomfort
Sudden, throbbing pain on the sides of your stomach can be caused by stretching the tissues to support the growing uterus. The pain can also spread to a pregnant woman's thighs and legs.
- Change position or movement until comfortable, avoid too rapid, sudden twisting.
- Lean forward to relieve the pressure and relax the tissues if there is a sharp pain in the abdomen.
- Use a hot compress, a heating blanket, or take a warm bath.
- Try massage moves.
- Drink enough water.
- Tylenol (acetaminophen) can be used.
- See your doctor if the pain is severe or persistent or if you're less than 36 weeks pregnant and show signs of labor (repeated cramps like spasms).
21. Fake labor mound
The uterine muscles contract (tighten) as early as the second trimester of pregnancy. Irregular, irregular contractions are called Braxton-Hicks contractions. These are normal signs in pregnancy.
- Try to relax.
- Change positions to relieve contractions.
- Call your doctor if your uterus doesn't stop contracting.
Every woman's pregnancy experience is unique, so you may not experience all of the discomfort and fatigue symptoms described in this article. If you notice any disturbing changes, talk to your obstetrician early.