1. How to change diapers for babies
Mothers can let the baby use cloth diapers or diapers or use both diapers alternating to save. When choosing diapers for children, should choose an appropriate size, with features against lice, itching. If you let your child use cloth diapers, choose one with soft cotton that is well absorbent.
Baby should change diapers as soon as the baby pee or poop. When changing, clean the baby's anal area and genitals with a soft cloth and warm water from front to back. Diaper rash cream or skin protection cream should be applied before putting on a new diaper.
2. How to bathe baby
For convenience, you should use baby shower gel 2 in 1 to bathe your baby. Before bathing your baby, it is necessary to fully prepare the following:
Wash your hands well. Note, when taking care of babies, do not leave long nails or wear jewelry with a rough or sharp surface as they can cause the child's skin to scratch.
Small buckets, large buckets, clothes, hats, gloves ...
Sterile gauze, cotton swab, cotton swab
Physiological saline 0.9%.
Before bathing your baby, turn off the fan, turn off the air conditioner, and massage your baby. Use clean water mixed with boiling water to bathe your baby. Water with a temperature of about 36 - 38 degrees C (depending on the season) is suitable for bathing children.
If you don't have a bath thermometer, you can use your elbow to test your baby's bath water. Note that while bathing your baby, it is advisable to talk lovingly with them so that they can feel love.
Once you have everything ready, proceed to bathe your child in the following steps:
The mother put the baby on the bed or flat surface, wiping the baby's eyes with saline water in the direction from the inside out.
Use a soft towel to clean your baby's nostrils.
Clean your baby's face.
Pick up the baby and wash the baby's hair: The thumb and ring finger of the hand holding the baby gently press the 2 ear rings close to the ear to avoid water flowing into the baby's ear, the other hand uses a towel (gauze) to soak the baby's hair. . Next, take a little shampoo and dab it on your baby's hair and rinse it off again, using a towel to dry your baby's head.
When the baby is not falling off the umbilical cord, use a soft cloth to wipe the baby's body, avoid getting it wet. If you want to bathe the baby, the mother puts the baby in a basin of water with a little shower gel available, but then needs to clean the umbilical area for the baby, avoiding infection.
Put your child in another bath of water to bathe again
Lay your child on a bed or flat surface lined with a large towel, dry and warm him.
Use saline to clean eyes and nose and use a cotton ball to wipe from the inside out. Use a cotton swab / cotton ball to clean the area outside the child's ear. Avoid letting the tip of the saltwater bottle or eye drops touch your child's eyes or nose.
Apply physiological saline to the tongue swab to clean the baby's mouth.
Use a cotton ball to absorb the water around the navel, use a cotton swab soaked in normal saline to dry the navel. Should keep the navel open, avoid wrapping the gauze immediately to help the navel dry quickly, fall off faster.
Put on a shirt, diaper, gloves and feed your baby right away if there is a need.
If you want to cut nails for your baby, you should cut it after your baby has finished bathing. At this time, the baby is comfortable and the nails are very soft, easy to cut.
In addition, you can also wait for your baby to sleep and cut. The regular cutting of the nails and toenails will prevent the child's nails and toenails from being scratched.
3. Umbilical care for a newborn
In newborns, the umbilical cord is an open wound, which can easily become infected if the mother does not take good care of it. This is a very dangerous condition, if not detected and treated in time can cause complications of blood infection for children.
Umbilical care for newborn babies should be done daily and cleaned according to the following steps:
Before taking care of the baby umbilical cord, mothers need to wash their hands thoroughly, and sanitize them with 90 degrees alcohol.
Gently remove the umbilical bandage and umbilical gauze.
Observe the navel cross section and the area around the navel for red inflammation, pus, yellow discharge, bleeding, a bad smell, or any other abnormalities.
Wipe the belly button with a cotton ball with sterile cooked water, then pat the area of the umbilical cord and umbilical legs dry.
Disinfect the skin around the navel with saline saline.
The navel can be left open or the navel can simply be covered with a thin sterile gauze.
Wrap the diaper under the navel to avoid letting feces, urine, or anything stain the navel area.
Careful umbilical care for babies.
Need to monitor and care for the baby umbilical cord every day. If any one of the following is detected, take your baby to a pediatric specialist immediately:
- The belly button oozes yellow, has a bad smell, or has pus.
- Umbilical bleeding and difficult to stop.
- Red, swollen skin around the navel.
- Umbilical buds, prolonged oozing.
- The umbilical cord has not fallen yet even though the baby is 3 weeks old.
- If your baby's umbilical cord shows signs of abnormality, you absolutely must not use antibiotics or any other medicine without your doctor's prescription.
4. Skin care for babies
The skin of a baby is very sensitive and vulnerable, so baby's skin care needs to be focused.
Baby skin is very vulnerable
Skin care and choosing skin care products need to adhere to the following principles:
Avoid contact with irritants
Mother should choose to buy clothes with soft materials, cut off labels. Though mild, repeated rubbing can cause a child's skin to become scratched, which can lead to inflammation. Use baby or sensitive skin soaps to wash baby clothes.
Limit your exposure to harmful irritants from the environment
Change your baby's diaper right after he pee or poop. Clinically proven mild products should be used to avoid skin irritation. Choose the right diaper for your baby.
Avoid harmful substances that can affect your baby's eyes
Infants do not have reflexes to close their eyes and excrete tears, so it is important to keep them away from cigarette smoke or polluted environments. Use mild, non-stinging hair and skin care products. Avoid cleaning products that contain alcohol or soaps with strong detergents.
Always keep your baby's skin hydrated
Dry climates or taking too many baths can dehydrate your baby's skin. Mom should apply lotion to the dry or flaky areas for the baby. But not changing diapers often (including cloth diapers, diapers) and hot and humid environment can cause the baby's skin to become infected and infected with fungus. Every time a baby is changing diapers, mothers need to wash the diaper area with a mild cleanser and dry the baby.
Limit the impact on the balance of bacteria that are resident on the skin of the child. Strains of bacteria that are permanent on the skin of babies become available soon after birth. They rarely cause illness unless the skin has an open wound or the skin's natural acidity has been destroyed. Therefore, it is important to keep the umbilical cord always clean, dry and airy. Bathe your baby with a gentle shower gel and balanced pH suitable for baby's skin.
Should clean the baby's diaper area
In addition, mothers should let children sunbathe daily so they have enough calcium needed for development. Sun exposure for babies is also an opportunity for them to contact the outside world, improve their resistance. Newborn baby care needs high meticulousness and care, which causes many difficulties for mothers, especially those who are first-time mothers. If you are still confused about how to start taking care of your baby, especially the first days after birth, check out this article. Or learn how to take care of your baby to eat well, sleep well until the full month of Vinmec to relieve stress and start the best motherhood, reduce the risk of depression after birth.